“A remedy for masturbation which is almost always successful in small boys is circumcision. The operation should be performed by a surgeon without administering an anaesthetic, as the brief pain attending the operation will have a salutary effect upon the mind, especially if it be connected with the idea of punishment. In females, the author has found the application of pure carbolic acid to the clitoris an excellent means of allaying the abnormal excitement.”
(John Harvey Kellogg, M.D., “Treatment for Self-Abuse and its Effects,” Plain Fact for Old and Young. Burlington, Iowa: F. Segner & Co. (1888). P. 295)
Dr Kellogg’s legacy carries on in the USA to the present day – in the UK MGM gradually became discredited. When the NHS (National Health Service) was formed in the late 1940s MGM was not included as a routine procedure covered by the NHS. It had been estimated that 14 deaths of boys per year were caused by MGM in the UK at this time.